Lygodium palmatum (Bernh.) Sw.
Family: Lygodiaceae
Lygodium palmatum image
Stems long-creeping. Leaves to ca. 3 m. Petioles borne 1-4 cm apart, 9-15 cm. Sterile pinnae on 1-2 cm stalks, very broadly ovate, deeply and palmately 3-7-lobed, 1-4 × 2-6 cm; ultimate lobes triangular-elongate to oblong; lobe apex acute to blunt or rounded; segments not articulate to petiolules, not leaving wiry stalks when detached; blade tissue pubescent abaxially with transparent hairs. Fertile pinnae stalked to ca. 1.5 cm, then ± irregularly 3-5-forked or lobed, ultimate divisions palmately and sometimes irregularly lobed, smaller than sterile pinnules, 2-4 × 2-8 cm, otherwise similar; ultimate segments narrowly triangular to linear-triangular. Lygodium palmatum is generally local and rare except for the Cumberland Plateau of Kentucky and Tennessee where it is locally abundant in poorly drained, acidic soils, especially after disturbance (J. M. Shaver 1954; R. Cranfill 1980). Other authors have reported this species from Florida (O. Lakela and R. W. Long 1976), but I have not seen specimens (C. E. Nauman 1987). This species is not tolerant of shading.

Rhizome black, wiry; lvs to 3 m, the slender rachis flexuous; lfls long-stalked (1-2 cm), 2-4 נ3-6 cm, deeply cordate, palmately lobed, the lobes mostly 6, to 2.5 נ1.2 cm, rounded above, entire; fertile pinnae several times dichotomously branched, the numerous ultimate segments 3-5 נ1.5 mm; sporangia 6-10 per segment; 2n=60. Moist thickets and woods in acid soil; irregularly from s. N.H. and e. N.Y. to O. and sw. Mich., s. to Fla. and Miss.

Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = 6

Wetland Indicator Status: FACW