Hydrilla spp.
Family: Hydrocharitaceae
Hydrilla image
Más & Lugo-Torres  
Plants perennial, of fresh or brackish waters. Rhizomes present, stolons absent. Erect stems rooted in substrate, branched or unbranched, elongate. Leaves cauline, whorled, 3--8 per node, submersed, sessile; blade linear, rarely slightly elliptic, base tapering to stem, apex acute; midvein without lacunae along side(s), blade uniform in color throughout; abaxial surface ly with prickles along midvein, without aerenchyma; intravaginal squamules fringed with orange-brown hairs. Inflorescences 1-flowered, sessile to subsessile; spathe not winged. Flowers unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants or on same plants, submersed, sessile; petals whitish to reddish. Staminate flowers: filaments distinct, released under water, rising to surface; anthers oval; pollen in monads; . pPistillate flowers: ovary 1-locular; floral tube long, styles 1, not 2-fid. Fruits linear, cylindric, smooth or with simple spiny processes, indehiscent. Seeds cylindric, glabrous.
Much like Elodea; monoecious or dioecious; stamens 3, principal lvs in whorls of 3-8; stipules fringed. 1, originally Old World.

Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Species within Aquatic Invasive Plant Guide Species List