Fls mostly perfect, 4-merous; sep usually minute; pet small, valvate; style well developed; stigma capitate; fr a drupe, the stone bilocular (except in C. canadensis) but often only 1-seeded; fls in cymose or cymose-paniculate infls or, by reduction of the branches, in umbelliform or head-like clusters. (Chamaepericlymenum, Svida, Cynoxylon) 50+, widespread but mainly N. Temp. Named hybrids include C. ءcadiensis Fernald (C. alternifolia נsericea), C. ءrnoldiana Rehder (C. amomum var. schuetzeana נracemosa), and C. سlavinii Rehder (C. rugosa נsericea). Others include C. amomum נstricta, C. drummondii נstricta, C. amomum var. schuetzeana נdrummondii, C. drummondii נracemosa, and C. racemosa נstricta.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
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