Phytolacca icosandra L.
Family: Phytolaccaceae
Phytolacca icosandra image
Zoya Akulova  
Plants to 3 m. Leaves: petiole 0.5-6 cm; blade elliptic to obovate or rarely lanceolate, to 30 × 15 cm, base obtuse to attenuate, apex acute. Inflorescences spikes or spikelike, surpassing subtending leaves, to 30 cm; peduncle to 10 cm; pedicel 0.5-2 mm. Flowers: sepals 5, white or pink to pale reddish, broadly elliptic, equal, to 3 × 2 mm; stamens (8-)10-22(-30), usually in 2 whorls; carpels mostly 6-10, connate; ovary 6-10-loculed. Berries purple-black, 7-8 mm diam. Seeds black, thickly lenticular, 2.5-3 mm, shiny. Flowering summer-winter. Disturbed areas, chrome ore piles; 10-1800 m; introduced; Ariz., Calif., Md.; Mexico; West Indies; Central America; South America. Some authors (e.g., J. I. Davis 1985) include Phytolacca octandra in the synonymy of P. icosandra.

PLANT: Perennial herbs 1-2 m high, glabrous to puberulent. STEMS: somewhat succulent. LEAVES: elliptic to ovate, 5-30 cm long. LEAVES: elliptic to ovate, 5-30 cm long. INFLORESCENCE: spike-like racemes, erect in fruit, 7-16 cm long, puberulent. FLOWERS: green, white, or pink; calyx 2-3 mm long; stamens 8-10 in ours. FRUIT: on pedicels 3 mm or less long. NOTES: Disturbed and burned habitats: mts of Cochise, Pima cos., possibly also in Santa Cruz co.; 1500-1850 m (5000-6000 ft); Jul-Dec; Mex. to n S. Amer. and naturalized in the Old World. REFERENCES: Steinmann, Victor. 2001. Phytolaccaceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. Volume 33(1).
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Liz Makings  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Liz Makings  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Sue Carnahan  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Zoya Akulova  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Zoya Akulova  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Kathy M. Davis, University of Florida Herbarium  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Kathy M. Davis, University of Florida Herbarium  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Ávila-González H.  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Kathy M. Davis, University of Florida Herbarium  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Kathy M. Davis, University of Florida Herbarium  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Ávila-González H.  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Kathy M. Davis, University of Florida Herbarium  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Kathy M. Davis, University of Florida Herbarium  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image
Ávila-González H.  
Phytolacca icosandra image
Phytolacca icosandra image