Acaulescent perennial herb, the lvs and peduncle arising from a long rhizome; petiole erect, to 5 dm; lvs ternate, each division pinnately 3-5-foliolate; lfls lance- elliptic to obovate, to 15 נ8 cm, acuminate, finely serrate, the lateral ones asymmetric at base; peduncles usually much shorter than the petioles, bearing (2)3(-7) umbels; styles distinct; fr nearly black; 2n=24. Woods; Nf. to D.C., Ind., Neb., and Colo., and in the mts. to Ga. May, June.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
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From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
Infrequent to rare in the northern counties in moist soil on the borders of marshes, bogs, and lakes; south of the lake area it is very rare, being restricted to a few rocky, wooded bluffs. The rays of the umbels and the principal veins of the under surface of the leaves of Indiana specimens are pubescent.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = 7
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU
Diagnostic Traits: Herbaceous, lacking a central stem, the solitary compound leaf with 3-divisions (i.e., ternate) each with 3-5 leaflets; inflorescences arising from a subterranean rhizome, racemose, with 2 to 7 umbels; fruits purple-black drupes.
Citation: The vPlants Project. vPlants: A Virtual Herbarium of the Chicago Region. http://www.vplants.org
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