Perennial herb 20 - 50 cm tall Stem: unbranched, erect, rough-hairy including into inflorescence. Leaves: alternate, ascending to spreading, stalkless, rough-hairy, becoming smaller upwards, inversely lance-shaped to elliptic, narrowed at base with some basal leaf tissue continuing onto stem (decurrent). If basal leaves are present, they are about the same size as the stem leaves. Inflorescence: a single, terminal, unbranched, slender, elongate, dense, spike-like cluster of flowers with subtending stiff-hairy bracts (lower bracts elongated). Each flower sits on top of a short (2 - 5 mm), rough-hairy stalk, and each flower stalk has two, tiny bracts (bracteoles) at their base. Flowers: pale blue to white, 0.7 - 1.1 cm long, bilaterally symmetric, with two-lobed upper lip and three-lobed lower lip. The flowers are actually flipped upside down so that the morphologic upper lip (of three spreading lobes) appears on the bottom of the flower, and the two shorter and erect lobes at the top of the flower are actually the morphologic lower lip. Sepals: five, but fused at very base, then separating into five, rough-hairy, long (over twice length of tube), narrowly lance-shaped lobes with very short ear-like appendages (auricles) between lobe bases. Petals: five, but fused at base into a tube, then separating into two lips. The "upper" lip (morphologic lower) has two, erect, narrow lobes with a beard of hairs near their base, while the "lower" lip (morphologic upper) has three, much wider, elliptic, pointed-tipped, spreading lobes. Stamens: five, but fused into a tube with pale blue-gray fused anthers, two of which are bearded at tip and shorter than other three. Pistil: with a two-chambered, inferior ovary; one long style positioned through center of stamen tube; and a two-lobed, often fringed stigma. As the style elongates up through the stamen tube, it pushes the pollen out of the anthers. Fruit: several, two-chambered, short, hemispherical, many-seeded capsules, which open at top. The united portions of the sepals and petals enclose the capsule and may become slightly inflated (or not) as the fruit matures.
Similar species: Lobelia spicata var. hirtella can be distinguished from the typical variety L. spicata var. spicata since that variety is normally larger and often hairless, but never rough-hairy. Lobelia spicata var. leptostachys differs by having appressed leaves, and obvious (normally over 1 mm long), deflexed and thin ear-like appendages (auricles) between the sepal lobes. Aside from the other varieties of L. spicata, this plant may be confused with L. kalmii, but that species has linear and hairless stem leaves, the bracteoles are located near the middle of the flower stalk, and the sepal lobes are usually shorter than twice the tube length. Another species this could be confused with is L. inflata, but that species usually has stem leaves that are widest near the base, the inflorescence is branched, there are no auricles on the sepal tube, and the tissue around the fruit is greatly inflated.
Flowering: May to August
Habitat and ecology: Very rare in our area, the few collections we have were from a forest road at the Morton Arboretum.
Occurence in the Chicago region: native
Notes: This variety is more commonly found in the Great Plains, but does extend into the western Great Lakes.
Author: The Field Museum
Citation: The vPlants Project. vPlants: A Virtual Herbarium of the Chicago Region. http://www.vplants.org
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