Plants of Special Concern
Causes for Concern
Over the past 200 years the Chicago Region has changed from the sprawling woodlands, wetlands, and prairie to a bustling metropolis, transportation and industrial center, and network of cities. As the open wildlands shrink, natural plant communities have decreased in size, and overall biodiversity has declined. Habitats become smaller and fragmented. More plants and animals become less common and harder to find. This causes great concern since the end result leads to extinction of species. We should act as stewards of the natural world around us, if for no other reason than for our own benefit in terms of health, resources, and serenity.
The Listing of Plants
Certain species of plants (and animals) that experience decreases in frequency, population size, or number of populations have been assigned special status by state and federal governments. Depending on the listing agency, ranks of Endangered, Threatened, Rare, Special Concern, Watch List or Extirpated are assigned to particular taxa (species, subspecies, or variety). Typically, the taxa at highest risk for becoming extinct are listed as endangered, with the risk decreasing down to threatened, rare, etc. Ideally, by protecting populations of species that are ranked on these lists, the extirpation (local extinction) of species in particular areas can be avoided. Each state usually has their own ranking system and different protection laws or methods associated with those ranks.
The Chicago Region covered by vPlants includes four states: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Each state has their own ranking system and different protection laws or methods associated with those ranks. In addition, the U.S. federal government has lists of species for the whole country. The taxa on these lists are often referred collectively by the following categories: Species of Concern, Sensitive Species, or T and E species (short for threatened and endangered species).
For The vPlants Project, we have compiled a list of Chicago Region Plants of Concern that are listed for any of the four states of the area (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin), plus the federal listed species. View further information about this list as well as visit the state and federal web sites using the links on this page.
Pitcher's thistle, Cirsium pitcheri, is Federally listed as Threatened. Its required habitat of open dune faces has become rarer through loss to development.
Related Web Sites
Plant Special Concern Lists
Fungus Special Concern Lists
World and National Red Lists
Information provided on this page applies to the Chicago Region and may not be relevant or complete for other regions.