From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
Infrequent in the northern and western counties in very dry, sandy or gravelly soil in prairie habitats or in open woodlands that have recently been prairies.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = 6
Wetland Indicator Status: n/a
Stems 1-few, erect, mostly simple, 6-15 dm, finely hairy; petioles 1-5 mm, shorter than the stalk of the terminal lfl; stipules lanceolate, 3-5 mm, caducous; lfls thick, oblong to linear-oblong, mostly 3-7 cm נ6-12 mm, rather densely hairy beneath as well as reticulate- veiny; infl large, with several strict, ascending branches 1-3 dm; fls mostly pinkish to lavender, 5 mm, on pedicels 1.5-4.5 mm; cal 2-3 mm; stipe 1-3 mm; articles 1-3, convex above, rounded below, 4-6.5 נ3-4.5 mm. Dry, sandy soil; R.I. to s. Ont., Mich., and Kans., s. to N.C., Miss., and Tex., commoner westward. July, Aug.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
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