Carex hyalinolepis Steud.
Family: Cyperaceae
Shoreline Sedge
Carex hyalinolepis image
Plants colonial; rhizomes long-creeping. Culms central, coarse, trigonous, 40-110 cm, smooth. Leaves: basal sheaths pale green to brownish or pale red tinged, base with marescent remains of previous year´s leaves; longest ligules 2-10(-12) mm, less than 2 times longer than wide; blades glaucous, flat to V-shaped, (4-)5.5-13 mm wide, glabrous. Inflorescences 15-50 cm; proximal 2-4 spikes pistillate, ascending to arching; distal spikes erect; terminal 3-6 spikes staminate. Pistillate scales lanceolate to ovate, apex obtuse to acute, glabrous, awn 0.9-8.5 mm, scabrous. Perigynia ascending, obscurely 10-15-veined, veins somewhat impressed, narrowly ovoid, (4.5-)5.5-7.7 × 1.6-3 mm, glabrous; beak obscure, 0.9-1.7 mm, bidentulate, teeth straight, 0.4-0.8 mm. Fruiting Apr-Jul. Swamp forests, river bottoms, shores of streams, ponds and lakes, wet meadows, often in clay soils, seasonally moist sites; 0-400 m; Ont.; Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tex., Va. Carex hyalinolepis is abundant in the Mississippi lowlands and often dominant in the understory of open, wet floodplain forests and bottomland meadows. It is a rapid invader of ditches and other disturbed areas. Sometimes extensive stands are seen without fertile culms. Occasionally, Carex hyalinolepis hybridizes with C. pellita (= C. ×subimpressa Clokey, according to A. A. Reznicek and P. M. Catling 1986), and rarely with C. lacustris. Carex ×subimpressa is sufficiently frequent that it has been treated as a species in some floras. It can form large colonies in suitable sites.

Much like no. 205 [Carex lacustris Willd.]; stems phyllopodic, surrounded by old lf-bases, the lower sheaths scarcely if at all pinkish, seldom filamentose; ligule shorter to slightly longer than wide; mature perigynia 5-8 (avg 6.9) mm, the numerous nerves scarcely elevated, often somewhat impressed, or indistinguishable under a hand-lens. Swamps and marshes; coastal plain from N.J. to Fla. and Tex., n. in the interior to Kans., Ill., Mich., and s. Ont. (C. lacustris var. laxiflora) An apparent hybrid with C. pellita has been called C. سubimpressa Clokey.

Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
Common, except in the northern three tiers of counties, in roadside ditches and wet depressions in low open woods and on flood plains and borders of ponds.