Allium tuolumnense (Ownbey & Aase) S. Denison & McNeal
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Allium tuolumnense image
Bulbs usually solitary, not clustered on stout, primary rhizomes, ovoid, 1.3-2 × 1.4-2 cm; outer coats enclosing single bulb, dark reddish brown, membranous, lacking cellular reticulation or cells arranged in only 2-3 rows distal to roots, ± quadrate, without fibers; inner coats light brown, cells obscure, quadrate. Leaves persistent, withering from tip by anthesis, 1, basally sheathing, sheath not extending much above soil surface; blade solid, terete, 30-55 cm × 2-4 mm. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, solid, terete, 25-50 cm × 2-4 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, compact, 20-60-flowered, hemispheric, bulbils unknown; spathe bracts persistent, usually 3, 7-8-veined, ovate, ± equal, apex attenuate. Flowers saucer-shaped, 6-8 mm; tepals spreading from base, white or flushed with pink, broadly ovate, ± equal, becoming papery in fruit, margins entire, apex obtuse to nearly round, not recurved at tip; stamens included; anthers yellow; pollen yellow; ovary crested; processes 6, prominent, ± triangular, margins laciniate; style linear, equaling stamens; stigma capitate, 3-lobed, lobes slender, recurved; pedicel 7-20 mm. Seed coat dull; cells minutely roughened. 2n = 14. Flowering Mar--May. Serpentine soil on open hillsides; of conservation concern; 400--600 m; Calif. Allium tuolumnense is known only from the foothills of the central Sierra Nevada, Rawhide Hill and Red Hills.