Allium rotundum L.
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Allium rotundum image
Bulbs 1-50+, ovoid, 0.2-1.5 × 0.2-1 cm; outer coats surrounding numerous, very dark purple bulbels, usually white or greenish, membranous, sometimes breaking into ± parallel, fibrous strips; inner coats white, cells obscure, quadrate. Leaves persistent, 2-5, sheathing 1/3-1/2 scape; blade solid, flat or channeled, carinate, 15-40 cm × 2-5(-7) mm, margins entire. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, ± solid, 25-90 cm × 1-4 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, very dense, 80-200-flowered, globose, bulbils unknown; spathe bracts caducous, 2, 7-12-veined, lanceolate, ± equal, apex narrowed to beak, beak to 2 cm. Flowers campanulate, 4-7 mm; tepals erect, purple, or inner with broad whitish margins and purple midvein, oblong to ovate, ± equal, becoming keeled and ± rigid in fruit, margins entire, apex acute to obtuse; stamens included; filaments: outer unlobed, inner with 2 prominent teeth on either side of anther, teeth 2-3 times anther-bearing portion, usually papillose to ciliate; anthers yellow or purple; pollen light yellow to white; ovary crestless; style linear, ± equaling anther-bearing portion of stamens; stigma capitate, unlobed; pedicels 5-30 mm, outer much shorter than inner. Seed coat dull; cells each with central papilla. Flowering May--Jul. Disturbed fields and roadsides; introduced; Mich.; c, s Europe. Allium rotundum is native to central and southern Europe. It is reported as established in southern Michigan, and is to be expected elsewhere in the Great Lakes region.