Roots sometimes tuberous-thickened; stem slender, to 1 m; stipules lanceolate to semi-ovate, rarely over 1 cm wide; principal lfls of the larger lvs 3-9, thin, oblong-obovate or obovate, very coarsely and usually bluntly serrate; conspicuously glandular beneath, otherwise glabrous or with short hairs on the veins beneath; axis of the infl glandular, seldom with a few spreading bristles; hypanthium 2-2.5 mm at maturity, hemispheric or broadly campanulate, glandular, not hairy. Moist rich woods; Conn. to Ind. and Kans., s. to S.C., Ga., La., and Okla.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
Found throughout the state, although it is restricted to dry soil generally of thick woodland.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = 5
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU
Citation: The vPlants Project. vPlants: A Virtual Herbarium of the Chicago Region. http://www.vplants.org
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