Physalis longifolia Nutt.
Family: Solanaceae
Long-Leaf Ground-Cherry,  more...
Physalis longifolia image
Bob Sivinski  
Erect, rhizomatous perennial 4-8 dm, usually divergently branched, the younger parts glabrous to densely puberulent with appressed or ascending hairs rarely over 0.5 mm; lvs 4-10 cm, glabrous or very sparsely and minutely puberulent, the hairs of the lower surface restricted to the veins; pedicels 1-2 cm at anthesis, not much elongating in fr; cal minutely pubescent in 10 strips along the nerves, the hairs appressed, rarely 0.5 mm; cal-lobes triangular or ovate, 3-4 mm, densely ciliate; cor 11-17 mm, yellow, dark-blotched within; anthers 3-4 mm; filaments dilated; fruiting cal ovoid or short-cylindric, acuminate, 3-4 cm, scarcely retuse at base; 2n=24. Fields, open woods, and prairies; Vt. and Ont. to Mont., s. to Va., Tenn., La., and Ariz. July-Aug. Plants of our range are mostly var. subglabrata (Mack. & Bush) Cronquist, with rather thin, ┬▒ovate, sinuate-toothed lvs abruptly narrowed to the long petiole. (P. subglabrata; P. macrophysa) The more western var. longifolia, with firmer, narrower (lanceolate to lance-elliptic or narrowly rhombic), mostly entire lvs more tapering to the often shorter petiole, is occasionally intr. in our range. (P. virginiana var. sonorae)

Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Wiggins 1964, Martin and Hutchins 1980, VPAP (Landrum et al. 2013), Allred and Ivey 2012
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Perennial herb, 50-100 cm tall, from a rhizome; stems stout, erect, angulate-striate, glabrous. Leaves: Alternate along the stems, on petioles 1-4 cm long; blades lance-elliptic, 3-9 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, with entire to sinuate margins; leaf surfaces glabrous or nearly so, or sometimes sparsely hairy on the margins. Flowers: Yellow and pendulous, on downward-curving pedicels 8-12 mm long, from the leaf axils; calyx bell-shaped and 5-lobed, about 1 cm long, with the lobes usually longer than the tube portion of the calyx; corolla an open bell shape (campanulate-rotate) and 5-lobed, 12-20 mm wide and about 10-15 mm deep, cream to greenish-yellow with darker center.  Fruits: Berry 6-12 mm diameter, surrounded by a papery husk (the persistent calyx) which is ovoid, 1-4 cm long, glabrous, and distinctly veined. Ecology: Found in moist, disturbed ground, from 2,500-8,500 ft (762-2591 m); flowers March-October. Distribution: Widespread in N. Amer. from CAN to MEX Notes: This is a relatively large, rhizomatous perennial Physalis. It is distinguished based on its long, narrow, unlobed leaves; it is glabrous or only sparsely hairy; and completely lacks glandular hairs. Allred and Ivey (2012) recognize 2 varieties: var. subglabrata has blue or blue-tinged anthers, and var. longifolia has yellow anthers. Ethnobotany: This is a wild tomatillo; the berries can be eaten raw or cooked. Etymology: Physalis is from the Greek physa, a bladder or bubble, and -alis, pertaining to, for the inflated calyx; longifolia means long-leaved. Synonyms: Physalis lanceolata var. longifolia Editor: SBuckley 2010, AHazelton 2017
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Paul Rothrock  
Physalis longifolia image
Paul Rothrock  
Physalis longifolia image
Paul Rothrock  
Physalis longifolia image
Paul Rothrock  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Tony Frates  
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
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Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
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Physalis longifolia image
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Physalis longifolia image
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Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
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Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image
Physalis longifolia image