Tufted perennial 3-7 dm; lvs mostly near the base, 2-5 mm wide, the upper much shorter; ligules (1-)2-3 mm; panicle spike-like, long-exsert, 3-9 cm; glumes scabrous on the keel to villous throughout, the first 4 mm, the second 7-9 mm; sterile lemmas 3-3.5 mm, golden-silky, the awn of the second about equaling the second glume; fertile lemma suborbicular, 2 mm; 2n=10, 20. Native of Europe, intr. in lawns, meadows, roadsides, and waste places from Nf. to Ga., w. to Mich., Ill., and La.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
While this grass has been reported from all parts of the eastern United States, in Indiana it has been reported from only 2 counties in addition to those shown on the map. Found along railroads and in pastures, waste places, and meadows.
Indiana Coefficient of Conservatism: C = null, non-native
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU
Diagnostic Traits: Fragrant grass; panicle spike-like; glumes very unequal in length, with lateral nerves prominent beyond the middle; 3 florets per spikelet, lower florets male, awned.
Citation: The vPlants Project. vPlants: A Virtual Herbarium of the Chicago Region. http://www.vplants.org
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