Dalea leporina (Aiton) Bullock
Family: Fabaceae
Fox-Tail Prairie-Clover,  more...
[Dalea alopecuroides Willd.,  more]
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Max Licher  
Erect, leafy annual 3-10(-15) dm, simple to much branched, glabrous below the infl; lfls mostly 15-35+, oblong to oblanceolate or obovate, 3-12 mm; spikes erect, dense, 1.5-8 cm; bracts caducous, ovate to lance-acuminate or caudate; fls of sect. Dalea, white or anthocyanic, 5-7 mm; cal very villous, its subulate lobes mostly shorter than the tube, erect in fr; stamens 9 or 10; anthers shortly exserted; fr 2.5-3 mm; 2n=14. Prairies and open woods, or in disturbed sites; widespread in Latin Amer., n. to N.D., Minn., and Ind., and occasionally adventive farther e. June-Aug. (D. alopecuroides; Parosela a.)

Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.

©The New York Botanical Garden. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
On September 11, 1924, Mrs. Harry Bucklin of Brazil sent me a specimen which was collected at her summer home located in section 24 about 6 miles northeast of Brazil, Clay County. She wrote: "Frequent along the roadside and in an adjoining fallow field." I found the colony still persisting in 1934. No doubt introduced in seed of some kind since the farm is located on a little used road and not near a railroad.
Heil et al. 2013, Allred and Ivey 2013, Correll and Johnston 1970, Martin and Hutchins 1980
Duration: Annual Nativity: Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Annual herb, 15-120 cm tall, from a slender taproot; stems erect, slender to robust, glabrous below the inflorescence. Leaves: Alternate and pinnately compound, 2-10 cm long, with 21-35 leaflets per leaf (leaves on smaller branchlets may have fewer leaflets); leaflets 3-12 mm long, oblong-to obovate, glabrous; lower leaf surface gland-dotted and lighter green than upper surface. Flowers: White to blue or pink-purple, in cylindric spikes, 2-8 cm long and about 1 cm wide, at branch tips; flowers about 5 mm long, with pea-flower morphology (papilionaceous), with a wide upper petal called the banner, two smaller lateral petals called the wings, and a boat-shaped lower petal called the keel which contains the style and stamens. Petals milky white to bluish-purple, almost blue, or rose-pink; sepals 5, abundantly silky-pilose, united at the base into a tube 3 mm long, this topped with 5 narrow teeth about 3 mm long. Fruits: Pod hairy near the top, small, and contained within the persistent hairy calyx; containing 1 or 2 seeds. Ecology: Found on roadsides, farm fields, along irrigation ditches, and other disturbed habitats, from 4,000-7,500 ft (1219-2286 m); flowers July-September. Distribution: WI to ND, south to TX, NM, AZ, and MEX; also in S. Amer. Notes: Look for this slender annual Dalea along roadsides. It is distinguished from other annual Dalea spp by this combination of traits: pinnately compound leaves with 6-20 pairs of leaflets; leaflets with rounded to truncate tips (not mucronate-tipped, or coming to a distnct, abrupt point); and flowers with hairy calyx tubes. The flower color is generally whitish with a tinge of blue or purple. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Dalea is named for Samuel Dale (1659-1739) an English physician and botanist; leporina means spotted, probably alluding to the gland-dotted leaves. Editor: AHazelton 2017
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Sue Carnahan  
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Max Licher  
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Sue Carnahan  
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Sue Carnahan  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Patrick Alexander  
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Patrick Alexander  
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José Jesús Sánchez-Escalante  
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