Plants (60-)100-120(-240) cm. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline 20-30(-40) cm, proximal cauline blades hastate to deltate or lanceolate. Involucres campanulate to obconic, 11-14 mm. Phyllaries (10-)12-14(-17). Florets 18-55; corollas ochroleucous or white (rarely pinkish), 8-9(-10.5) mm; anthers 2-2.5 mm. Cypselae pale green to light brown, 5-7(-9) mm; pappi 6-7 mm. 2n = 40. Flowering late summer-fall. Rich woods, shaded, wet areas bordering streams; 10-300+ m; Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Md., Mass., Minn., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tenn., Va., W.Va., Wis. Hasteola suaveolens is now less common or absent in the northeastern part of its historic range.
From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
Local near the dunes about Lake Michigan, and then very local until the southern part of the state is reached, where it is very local to infrequent. In addition to my records it has been reported from Hamilton, Lake, La Porte, and Tippecanoe Counties. It is always found in moist or wet grounds, usually near a stream, and it spreads rapidly by underground stems. I planted this and the next two species in alluvial soil in bottomland, and the other two lived only a few years, while Cacalia suaveolens has spread about a foot each year through an adjacent bluegrass sod.
Citation: The vPlants Project. vPlants: A Virtual Herbarium of the Chicago Region. http://www.vplants.org
Copyright © 2001–2009 The vPlants Project, All Rights Reserved.