Arctophila fulva (Trin.) Rupr. ex Andersson
Family: Poaceae
Arctophila fulva image

Culms (5)10-80(100) cm. Ligules (1)2-6(8) mm; blades 2-23 cm long, 1-5(10) mm wide. Panicles 3-20 cm long, (1.5)3-11 cm wide. Spikelets 2.5-7(8) mm; florets (1)2-7(9). Glumes 1.5-4(5) mm; lower glumes exceeded by the lowest floret; upper glumes shorter to longer than the lowest floret; lemmas 2.5-4 mm; paleas (1)1.8-4 mm; anthers 1.2-3 mm. Caryopses 1.5-2.2 mm. 2n = 42, 63.

Arctophila fulva grows as an emergent species in shallow, standing water or along slow-moving streams, wet meadows, marshes, and saturated soils of low arctic and subarctic regions, where it often forms pure stands. It is one of the few grasses that develop aquatic leaves. Field observations indicate that under some environmental conditions, A. fulva can propagate vegetatively from detached stems that have over-wintered (Aiken and Buck 2002). In the Flora region, it grows from Alaska through the Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, and Labrador to Greenland. Its range extends across Eurasia to arctic Scandinavia. It forms a sterile hybrid, ×Arctodupontia scleroclada, with Dupontia fisheri.